A curated collection of Books, Videos, Articles and more to educate consumers, caregivers and professionals about Complex Trauma.

Citation Policy

How to Cite Page Content from this Website

Unless otherwise indicated, all page content from complextrauma.org was authored by Joseph Spinazzola & Kaitlyn Machairas. Aside from news blog posts, which specify a fixed publication date, all page content was published and will be updated and republished annually on March 1st. Accordingly, web page content should be cited as follows (examples provided in APA format):
Spinazzola, J., & Machairas, K. (2019, March 1). PTSD: The tip of the iceberg in adaptation to complex trauma. Retrieved from https://complextrauma.org.
Spinazzola, J., & Machairas, K. (2019, March 15). New research differentiates a complex trauma diagnosis for adults from borderline personality disorder. [News blog post]. Retrieved from https://complextrauma.org.